21/07/2024

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The Indian Tiger – Just 1411 Left

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The Indian Tiger – Just 1411 Left

The magnificent striped tiger (Bengal Tiger or Panthera Tigris), the national animal of India is on the verge of extinction. According to the latest statistics, there are just 1411 tigers are left in India, including the ones spread over the different wild life sanctuaries across India.

The main cause of the perishing population of these beautiful animals include:

Poaching for pelts, teeth and nail: Tiger skin fetches huge amounts of money in the international market. There are underworld mafias who trade tiger skins. The nail and tooth of tiger are used to make jewellery. The tribals also kill tigers to make traditional medicine from the animal’s various body parts. But no studies have proven that these medicines have any curative power.

Unplanned and uncontrolled urbanization: Urbanization and encroaching into the forest areas not only destroys the natural habitat of the tigers, but also affects the other smaller animals which is the food for these predators. Even though there are more than 40 tiger reserves in India, there are human encroachments in the outskirts of these reserves by people for farming etc. The farmers organize and set traps to kill these animals saying that they attack their cattle.

Fear of life: People fear that a tiger might kill them for food. But actually the tiger doesn’t kill humans; they might do so only if they are old or inured, starved and unable to hunt. They are solitary creatures who protect their territory and becomes angry and tries to defend it when there is interference in its territory.

Wildlife Protection

Government has set up numerous initiatives to protect these animals. One of the major ones among these is the Project Tiger, an initiative by the government of India to protect the national animal from the verge of extinction. It was started in 1972 and helped increase the population of these animals from 1,200 in the 1970s to 3,500 in 1990s. But it seems that their efforts seems to be decreasing; and the latest census in 2008 shows that the number of tigers in the whole of India is just 1411. Now the Indian Government has set up a tiger protection force for strict control of poachers and allocated funds to relocate the people away from wildlife, to reduce tiger-human interaction.

It is not only India where these animals are endangered; it is facing this threat in all other inhabitant countries too, like Bangladesh, China, Malaysia.

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